Hyundai Creta: ABS(Anti-Lock Brake System) / Description and operation

Description
This specification applies to HCU(Hydraulic Control Unit) and ECU(Electronic Control Unit) of the HECU.(Hydraulic and Electronic Control Unit)
This specification is for the wiring design and installation of ABS/ESP ECU.
This unit has the functions as follows.
Input of signal from Pressure sensor, Steering angle sensor, Yaw & Lateral G sensor, the wheel speed sensors attached to each wheel.
Control of braking force / traction force / yaw moment.
Failsafe function.
Self diagnosis function.
Interface with the external diagnosis tester.
Installation position : engine compartment
Brake tube length from Master cylinder port to HECU inlet port should be max. 1m
The position should not be close to the engine block and not lower than the wheel.
Operation
The ECU shall be put into operation by switching on the operating voltage (IGN).
On completion of the initialization phase, the ECU shall be ready for operation.
In the operating condition, the ECU shall be ready, within the specified limits (voltage and temperature), to process the signals offered by the various sensors and switches in accordance with the control algorithm defined by the software and to control the hydraulic and electrical actuators.
Wheel Sensor Signal Processing
The ECU shall receive wheel speed signal from the four active wheel sensors.
The wheel signals are converted to voltage signal by the signal conditioning circuit after receiving current signal from active wheel sensors and given as input to the ECU.
Solenoid Valve Control
When one side of the valve coil is connected to the positive voltage that is provided through the valve relay and the other side is connected to the ground by the semiconductor circuit, the solenoid valve goes into operation.
The electrical function of the coils are always monitored by the valve test pulse under normal operation conditions.
Voltage Limits
Overvoltage
When overvoltage is detected(above 17 ± 0.5 V), the ECU switches off the valve relay and shuts down the system.
When voltage is returned to operating range, the system goes back to the normal condition after the initialization phase.
Undervoltage
In the event of undervoltage(below 10V), ABS control shall be inhibited and the warning lamp shall be turned on.
When voltage is returned to operating range, the warning lamp is switched off and ECU returns to normal operating mode.
Pump Motor Checking
The ECU performs a pump motor test at a speed of 15 km/h(9 MPH) once after IGN is switched on.
Diagnostic Interface
Failures detected by the ECU are encoded on the ECU, stored in a EEPROM and read out by diagnostic equipment when the ignition switch is turned on.
The diagnosis interface can also be used for testing the ECU during production of the ECU and for actuating the HCU in the test line of manufactories (Air-bleeding line or Roll and Brake Test line).
Warning Lamp Module

1.
ABS Warning Lamp module
The active ABS warning lamp module indicates the self-test and failure status of the ABS.
The ABS warning lamp shall be on:
During the initialization phase after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).
In the event of inhibition of ABS functions by failure.
During diagnostic mode.
When the ECU Connector is seperated from ECU.
2.
PARKING/EBD warning lamp module
The active EBD warning lamp module indicates the self-test and failure status of the EBD.
However, in case the Parking Brake Switch is turned on, the EBD warning lamp is always turned on regardless of EBD functions.
The EBD warning lamp shall be on:
During the initialization phase after IGN ON. (continuously 3 seconds).
When the Parking Brake Switch is ON or brake fluid level is low.
When the EBD function is out of order.
During diagnostic mode.
When the ECU Connector is seperated from ECU.
ABS Control
1.
NORMAL BRAKING without ABS
Under the normal braking, voltage is not supplied to solenoid valve, inlet valve is opened and outlet valve is closed. When the brake is depressed, brake fluid is supplied to the wheel cylinder via solenoid valve to activate the brake.When the brake is released, brake fluid is back to the master cylinder via inlet valve and check valve.
Solenoid valve
State
Valve
Passage
Pump
motor
Inlet valve (NO)
OFF
Open
Master cylinder ⇔ Wheel cylinder
OFF
Outlet valve (NC)
OFF
Close
Wheel cylinder ⇔ Reservoir

2.
Dump Mode
Under the emergency braking, if the wheels start to lock up, HECU sends a signal to the solenoid valve to decrease the brake fluid, then voltage is supplied to each solenoid. At this time inlet valve is closed and brake fluid is blocked from the master cylinder. Conversely outlet valve is opened and brake fluid passes through wheel cylinder to reservoir, resulting in pressure decrease.
Solenoid
State
Valve
Passage
Pump
motor
Inlet valve (NO)
ON
Close
Master cylinder ⇔ Wheel cylinder
ON
Outlet valve (NC)
ON
Open
Wheel cylinder ⇔ Reservoir

3.
Hold Mode
When the brake fluid pressure is maximally decreased in wheel cylinder, HECU sends a signal to solenoid valve to keep the fluid pressure, voltage is supplied to inlet valve but it is not supplied to outlet valve. At this time inlet and outlet valves are closed and brake fluid is kept in wheel cylinder.
Solenoid
State
Valve
Passage
Pump
motor
Inlet valve (NO)
ON
Close
Master cylinder ⇔ Wheel cylinder
OFF
Outlet valve (NC)
OFF
Close
Wheel cylinder ⇔ Reservoir

4.
Increase Mode
If HECU determines there's no lock-up in the wheel, HECU cuts voltage to solenoid valve. So voltage is not supplied to each solenoid valve, brake fluid passes through the inlet valve to wheel cylinder, resulting in pressure increase.
Solenoid
State
Valve
Passage
Pump
motor
Inlet valve (NO)
OFF
Open
Master cylinder ⇔ Wheel cylinder
ON
Outlet valve (NC)
OFF
Close
Wheel cylinder ⇔ Reservoir

ABS HECU External Diagram

Hydraulic System Diagram

Components and components location
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Schematic diagrams
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